Volume 5, 2008, Issue 0
Kaedah Pembuktian Dalam Kes Hudud
There have been discussions among Islamic jurists whether the court is bound to certain guidelines in deciding the methods of evidence in criminal cases. The purpose of this article is to shine some light on this issue especially with connection to certain evidence, which is not accepted by some Islamic jurists. For the purpose, every single opinion has been analysed together with others in a method of comparative study. The analysis shown that although there are some differences in detail between the jurists, yet principally they agreed that the Islamic Syariah has imposed various conditions in matters related to Hudud cases for the sake of justice. For the purpose of contemporary fiqh the diference in opinion between jurists can be considered as a starting point towards a contemporary development in the subject mater
Upah Simpan Barang dalam Skim Ar-Rahnu: Satu Penilaian Semula
Shamsiah Mohamad, Safinar Salleh,
The objective of this paper is to evaluate whether the save custody fee imposed by institutions offering Islamic pawn broking facility in Malaysia is in accordance to the Islamic law. For the evaluation purpose, the basis of imposing of the fee i.e. wadi'ah yad damanah is analyzed to ensure that the basis is in line with the percepts of the al-rahn. The study found that the basis did not match the Islamic law. It also found that it is more accurate if the imposing of the fee is based on the expenditure incurred by the murtahin while the goods are in the murtahin`s care due to the fact that the cost is borne by the rahin. The imposing of the fee can also be based on services given by the institutions for their customer
Kesaksian dalam Konteks Undang-undang Keterangan Mahkamah Syariah di Malaysia: Analisis dari Perspektif Mazhab Syafi'i
Ruzman Md. Noor,
Law of Evidence has been enacted to provide the court with the rules and regulations pertaining to the determination of relevant facts and how they are proved during trial. One of the main method of proving is testimony by witnesses. In fact, this is the crucial part of the law which distinguish between the concept of witnesses applicable in Shariah Court and the one that applied in Civil Court. The objective of this article is to identify the influence of the Madhhab Shafi'i in this respective method of proving by analyzing some provisions of the law. The law of evidence in Shariah Court has differentiates between the method of bayyinah and shahadah. The opinions from Madhhab Shafi'i have dominated most of the provisions. However they are not strictly adhere to this particular mazhab and by employing the mechanism of al-talfiq, opinions from other scholars are also taken into consideration particularly on the issue of al-bayyinah and al-syahadah.
Pemikiran Imam Al-Syafi'i mengenai Sadd Al-Dhara`i' sebagai Sumber Hukum
Wan Zulkifli Bin Wan Hassan, Luqman Hj Abdullah, Saadan Man,
The doctrine of Sadd al-Dhara`i' (Blocking the Means) in Usul al-Fiqh generally means preventing bad thing before it comes to materialize. The Muslim scholars are in disagreement over the validity of Sadd al-Dhara`i' as a source of Islamic law. Imam al-Syafi'i was said to have excluded it in his listing to the sources of Islamic law. However, a thorough study and observation suggest that he used to apply Sadd al-Dhara`i' in many of his juristic opinions though on an indirect basis. This article will explore this isue so as to give a clear picture the position of Imam al-Syafi'i regarding Sadd al-Dhara`i'.
Permasalahan Ta'lil Al-Ahkam Sebagai Asas Penerimaan Maqasid Al-Shari'ah Menurut Ulama Usul
Ta‘lil al-ahkam is the main problem that leads to the difference amongst the Usuliyyun in relating the Islamic rulings with maslahah. Theoretically, there are disagreements between the jurists in their attempt to relate Islamic rulings with maslahah. However, in practice, almost all jurists except the Zahiris consider maslahah as the main foundation in contemporary Islamic rulings. As as consequence of a long contention in Islamic philosophy (‘ilm al-kalam), especially in the notion of good (al-tahsin) and bad (al-taqbih), the discussion on ta‘lil al-ahkam was mixed with philosophy which resulted in the situation where maqasid al-syariah is not quite suitable as the basis to unify the various opinions of the jurists. This article attempts to discuss the position of ta‘lil al-ahkam according to the jurists and its relationship with maqasid al-shari‘ah. Moreover, the author tries to deliberate the status of ta‘lil al-ahkam in the perspectives of the usuliyyun notwithstanding the various contentions pertinent to it.
Penilaian Terhadap Kelayakan Ahli Perlimen di Malaysia Menurut Perspektif Islam
Bharuddin Che Pa, Raja Hisyamudin Raja Sulong,
This article is an attempt to discuss issues regarding the requirements and the qualifications of Malaysian Member of Parliament according to the Malaysian Constitution and then the requirements and the qualification are assessed according to the Islamic Perspective. The discussion is initiated with an explanation regarding the British influences towards the establishment and the operation of Malaysian Parliament system. After its independence, the Malaysian Parliament System and its procedure is a continuation from the previous governing body. In order to Islamize the Malaysian Parliament Institution, the laws regarding the institution especially Malaysian Constitution needs to be improved from time to time according to Islamic values. Furthermore, this article explains the requirements and the qualifications needed by a candidate who will be elected as a Malaysian Member of Parliament according to Malaysian Constitution. Several assessments were made towards the requirements and the qualifications either it is fitting or not with the Islamic concept. The issue of disqualification as a Member of Parliament according to Malaysian Constitution is also examined thoroughly with regards to Islamic Perspective. In short, this article argues that some of the requirements and the qualifications of Malaysian Member of Parliament which stated in Malaysian Constitution are fitting with the Islamic Concept while some others are not. Therefore, continues efforts need to be done in order to improve the Malaysian Constitution to be fitted with the Islamic concept. Hopefully the Malaysian government and its Muslims citizen will always do their efforts to Islamize the Malaysian Constitution.
Kitab Al-Sirat Al-Mustaqim Oleh Shaykh Nur Al-Din Al-Raniri: Satu Sorotan
Abdul Karim Ali, Jamaluddin Hashim,
Syeikh Nur al-Din al-Raniri, known as al-Raniri was a prolific author on various disciplines of Islamic studies such as teology, fiqh and governance. Among of his out standing works are Hujjah al-Siddiq Li Daf‘ al-Zindiq, al-Tibyan fi Ma‘rifah al-Adyan, Hall al-Zill, al-Sirat al-Mustaqim and Bustan al-Salatin. As far as the al-Sirat al-Mustaqim is concerned, it is considered the oldest and earliest work on fiqh by Muslim scholars of Southeast Asia. This article endeavours to elucidate the importance of this work by revealing works, literatures and sources pertaining to al-Sirat al-Mustaqim.
Metodologi Tafsir Al-Quran Secara Al-Isharah: Suatu Penilaian Hukum
Al-Quran adalah sebuah kitab yang diturunkan dari sisi Allah, untuk membimbing manusia, ke jalan yang diredai Allah, sebagaimana yang dijelaskan di dalam al-Quran:
“Sesungguhnya al-Quran ini benar-benar memberi pertunjuk ke jalan yang paling lurus.” Surah al-Isra’ (17): 9
Peranan dan kedudukan al-Quran sebagai pembimbing dan petunjuk kepada manusia sudah pastinya tidak akan tercapai sekiranya segala isi kandungannya, yang tersurat dan yang tersirat, tidak dapat difahami dan diselami dengan baik oleh manusia, khususnya oleh umat Islam itu sendiri. Malah galakan agar setiap Muslim merenungi, memikir dan memerhatikan maksud dan pengertian setiap ayat-ayat al-Quran telah diperintahkan secara jelas melalui firman Allah yang bermaksud:
“Apakah mereka tidak memerhatikan serta memikirkan isi kandungan al-Quran....” Surah Muhammad (47): 24
Kerana itu sejak dari awal perkembangan Islam, bermula dari era Nabi Muhammad saw sendiri dan disusuli dengan era para Sahabat Nabi SAW, ilmu yang bertujuan untuk menjelaskan segala maksud dan makna yang terkandung di dalam al-Quran, yang kemudiannya diistilahkan sebagai ilmu tafsir, telah berkembang dengan pesat dan terus berkembang sehingga ke hari ini.
Sejak dari awal-awal lagi dan di dalam setiap masa dan ketika kita melihat bagaimana para ulama Islam telah mencurahkan segala tenaga dan minda mereka bagi mengungkapkan serta memperjelaskan segala maksud dan pengertian yang dapat difahami dari ayat-ayat al-Quran sehingga lahirnya pelbagai karya tafsir yang amat bernilai, yang dapat ditatapi dan diambil manfaatnya oleh generasi umat Islam sejak dari dahulu sehingga kini. Begitu juga dalam konteks perkembangan ilmu tafsir itu sendiri kita melihat bagaimana para ulama telah mencurahkan segala daya usaha mereka untuk cuba memperjelaskan maksud dan pengertian al-Quran dengan melihat kepada hampir kesemua aspek dan dari semua sudut yang berkaitan dengan al-Quran.
Kerana itu kita mendapati terdapat karya tafsir yang memberikan tumpuan yang khusus terhadap aspek hukum-hakam yang terdapat di dalam ayat-ayat al-Quran, terdapat karya tafsir yang memberikan tumpuan terhadap riwayat-riwayat tafsir yang sahih, yang dinaqal serta diriwayatkan dari generasi terawal umat Islam, yang kemudiannya pendekatan tafsir ini diistilahkan dengan ungkapan tafsir bi al-ma’thur. Dan begitu juga terdapat karya tafsir tafsir yang cuba mengenengahkan segala pengertian, maksud dan ‘ibrah al-Quran [pengajaran ayat] melalui ijtihad, kekuatan minda dan instrumen bahasa Arab itu sendiri, yang diistilahkan dengan ungkapan tafsir bi al-‘aql atau tafsir bi al-ra’y wa al-ijtihad.
Selain dari aspek dan sudut yang dinyatakan di atas kita juga mendapati terdapat beberapa karya tafsir tersohor yang, selain dari mengenengahkan maksud al-Quran menurut pendekatannya yang lazim iaitu dengan melihat kepada makna zahir sesuatu ayat, turut merangkumkan tafsiran-tafsiran al-Quran yang difahami secara tersirat dan isyarat. Inilah bentuk tafsir yang diistilah oleh para ulama dengan ungkapan al-tafsir al-Isyari.
Debatable Issues in Fiqh Al-Zakat: A Jurisprudential Appraisal
Mek Wok Mahmud, Sayed Sikandar Shah Haneef,
Zakat in terms of socio-economic role is a mandatory religious duty on the well to do members of the Ummah, to part with a portion of their wealth for the well-being of have-nots and helping other eligible social causes. To practically implement this policy, the Prophet laid down a comprehensive legal framework for its collection and distribution befitting the condition of his time. The classical jurists supplemented it by framing other operational laws to realize efficacious implementation of zakat at their time. In our contemporary time, jurists were faced with the question of efficacy of classical elaboration of zakat jurisprudence to serve the socio-economic objectives of zakat in modern time. Among others the adequacy of classical definition of zakat terms became debatable. The result was the usual divergence of opinions among the contemporary thinkers both with Shari‘ah and Islamic economics backgrounds. This study is primary designed to critically evaluate the opposing views from fiqh perspective.
Sale By Non-Refundable Deposit (`Arabun) and Its Contemporary Implementations
Economic activities have been tremendously increased all over the world in last few decades. Among them is a practice of receiving non-refundable deposit (‘arabun) before selling vehicles, apartments, etc., renting houses, or leasing properties is well practiced both in the West and in Muslim World. The objectives of this paper are to investigate whether Islam allows the practice of receiving non-refundable deposit (‘arabun) in selling, and to examine its contemporary practical implementations. In order to reach these objectives, verses of the Quran, ahadith of the prophet (p. b. u. h.) and opinions of Muslim jurists would be critically and analytically reviewed by using classical and modern works of fiqh literature. Moreover, the researcher would conduct a field study on some companies at Kuala Lumpur about their implementations of this type of sale.
Last update: 23-10-2013
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