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Volume 2, 2007, Issue 1


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Imam al-Shafi’i Sebagai Ulama’ Mujtahid Dan Mujaddid: Analisa Sumbangan Tajdidnya Dalam Sejarah Tamadun Islam
Ahmad Zaki Berahim @ Ibrahim,
   
Please contact Editor Manager for the full paper
Al-Imam Abu Abdullah Muhammad ibn Idris al-Shafi’i (150-204 H/757-820 M) is a prominent mujtahid and mujaddid scholar of the second century of Hijrah. His position as a mujtahid scholar is proven through the establishment of a moderate mazhab of Fiqh known as mazhab al-Shafi’i. Meanwhile, his position as a mujaddid scholar is distinguished with his role in establishing Usul al-Fiqh as a discipline such as defending hadith from disobedient movements and putting the basis pertaining differences among the mazhab of within the Islamic societies. Therefore, this article on one hand will discuss in detail and analyze the above mentioned role based on the primer sources such as al-Manawi, al-Razi, Muhammad Abu Zuhrah and others and on the other hand, will elaborate the priorities of al-Shafi’i in ijtihad and tajdid al-Din

Falsafah Pendidikan Islam Di Peringkat Ijazah Tinggi Di Malaysia
Abdul Halim Hj Mat Diah,
   
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Islam stresses on the importance of education because of its usefulness in moulding one’s attitude, behavior, thinking, and life in general. For that reason, this article will discuss the purpose of education in Islam based on the teachings of the Qur’an and Hadith, along with the opinions of the classical and modern or contemporary scholars. Besides that, it will discuss the purpose of Islamic Studies in a University and the Philosophy of Islamic Education in Islamic Studies at the higher degree level.

Sejarah Pertumbuhan Dan Perkembangan Tulisan Arab
Mohd. Zaki Abd. Rahman,
   
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Written characters in Arabic language which is being used now has gone through various changes. At the beginning it seemed to be invented from Phoenician writing that was created by Phoenician who lived in the South of Lubanan during 16th BC. Later, the Phoenician writing was adopted by Nabatean community who lived in Syria and they spread this writing to Arabic Peninsular. After the advent of Islam to Arabic Peninsular, Arabic writing developed tremendously because of the need to record the Quranic verses and Islamic sciences. From here, various efforts were made to develop the Arabic writing capacity, simplify the methodology and spread the Arabic calligraphy. The jawi script used in Malay archipelago is the continuation of Arabic writing with addition of some symbols to complete the needs of pronounciation of Malay words.

Perkembangan Kaedah Tulisan Jawi : Analisa Beberapa Karya Raja Ali Haji Kelana
Faisal @ Ahmad Faisal Abdul Hamid,
   
Please contact Editor Manager for the full paper
Jawi Script as a heritage of Malays is an adapted Arabic alphabet for writing Malay language. In order to meet the pronounciation needs to Malay words, some extra characters are added by Malays to Arabic alphabet. Jawi alphabet has existed for many centuries in Nusantara (the Malay world) since the advent of Islam and has been one of the earliest scripts used for writing Malay since Pasai kingdom and the era of Malacca Sultanate. Jawi script has been widely used by Malay scholars in the past as the medium of writing literary works of various fields especially on religion and literature. Since the method of Jawi spelling was influenced to a great extent by Arabic language, the writings of Malay scholars were not even particular in terms of spelling and vowel. Therefore, this article will discuss the development of Jawi script method based on some samples of Raja Ali Haji Kelana, Malay well known author of the 19th century works. Amongst are Syair Gurindam Dua Belas, Pengetahuan Bahasa and Kitab Bustan al-Katibin.

Pengaruh Islam Dalam Sejarah Penggubalan Undang-Undang Tubuh Kerajaan Johor 1895
Bharuddin Che Pa,
   
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This article explains the history of the promulgation of The Constitution of The State of Johore 1895 and how Islamic elements have influenced the Constitution. The are some evidences that show how the contents of the Constitution have been influenced by Islamic religious texts from Riau Sumatera. This article will elaborate based on some parts of the text of the said Constitution which are congruent with Islamic principles. Among the aspects which shall be spelt out in detail include some of the legal provisions regarding the Johor State Executive Council, the criteria for the appointment of the Sultan of Johor, the appointment of cabinet ministers, leaders in general etc.

Sumbangan ‘Ali Bin Abi Talib R.A Dalam Bidang ‘Ulum Al-Naqliyyah
Abdullah Yusof,
   
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This article will present the contribution made by the fourth Caliph in the Caliph al-Rasyidin’s series which is ‘Ali b. Abi Talib in the field of ‘Ulum Al-Naqliyyah. Among the important sub-areas are al-Quran and Interpretation, Tauhid, Fiqh, Tilawah al-Quran and others. As a person who lives during the time of the Prophet until his death, his knowledge is unbeatable and is still expanding until now. He is also respected by both Muslim and non-Muslim scholars.

Institusi Dan Sistem Pendidikan Islam : Suatu Analisa Tahap Perkembangannya Di Kelantan
Nur Azuki Yusuff, Nik Kamaliah Nik Abdullah,
   
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The state of Kelantan historically has been well known for its Islamic institutions especially pertaining institutions of Islamic education since the advent of Islam till present. This article will discuss in detail the growth of Islamic educational system and institution in Kelantan since pre-independent and after which can be divided into several stages. Historical and documentation methods are applied in collecting the data in present article. Research findings show that the growth of Islamic educational system and institution in Kelantan is divided in to six stages that will be discussed in detail here.

Bantuan Kepada Sekolah Agama Rakyat : Satu Kajian Sejarah Dan Tujuan Asal
Azizi Umar,
   
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This article discusses the history of the development of Sekolah Agama Rakyat and the aids given by the government to such a school such as a student’s opportunity to sit for the national examinations, financial aids per capita etc. It will also talk about the take-over of such schools by the government and the absorption of their teachers to the government schools.

Contribution Of Qur’an To The Development Of Muslim Historiography During The Second Century Of Hijra
Norhayati Haji Hamzah,
   
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Al-Qur’an telah memberikan sumbangan yang besar kepada historiografi Islam terutamanya pada abad kedua Hijriah. Ini kerana al-Qur’an mendorong manusia kepada pembelajaran sejarah serta membuktikan kepentingan sejarah di dalam kehidupan manusia melalui penceritaan cerita-cerita sejarah di dalam al-Qur’an. Idea-idea sejarah di dalam al-Quran telah menyumbang kepada perkembangan historiografi Islam dari sudut perluasan skop dan tema sejarah. Oleh itu, artikel ini akan membincangkan kepentingan sejarah dalam al-Qur’an dan sumbangan al-Qur’an dalam perkembangan historiografi Islam dari sudut idea sejarah pada abad kedua Hijriah.

تفعيل كليّة المال مقصديّا وأثره في تقليص دائرة الفقر بين المسلمين
Salih Qadir Karim Al-Zanki,
   
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The usuli objective studies paid a pioneer attention to the issue of wealth. They considered it among the great necessary principles, which were addressed by all divine religions. Other studies addressed the problem of poverty in the world and particularly in the Islamic world. This paper attempts to solve this problem through showing the objective dimension of the wealth principle and its role in the Islamic legislation. Wealth is looked upon as a means of life, not as an end. Furthermore, the issues of possession and dealing with wealth in the Islamic financial system, the Legislator’s objectives of wealth and the ways to actualize them, and some guidelines on reducing the poverty among Muslims are discussed. The study clarified that distinguishing means from ends and objective is an important matter for Muslims in order to deal with each of them in a right and acceptable manner. When wealth is utilized for purposes other than what it created for, the legislation interferes to rectify the situation. In the Islamic perspective, wealth belongs to Allah. Man is made as an heir. Thus, wealth is a trust given to its owners, and should not be misused or squandered. It should rather be returned to those to whom it is due. For this reason, possession is given double attributes. The state has instructed to reform the infrastructural deficit in its economic system. Moreover, it recommended Islamization of banks so they could play an active role in mobilizing a balanced and advanced economic activity. It is among the priorities of the state is to develop the individual and spontaneous welfare activities into a systematic and institutionalized action. It should also protect the intellectual freedom of the scientific authority and intelligentsia among the ummah so they could participate in upgrading Muslim’s life in all aspects.



Last update: 01-03-2014