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MASYARAKAT DAN PROTES DI FILIPINA SEMASA REJIM MARCOS, 1960AN-1970AN

Hanafi Hussin,


Volume 1, Issue 1
Journal of Southeast Asian Studies
 
Abstract :

Negara Filipina di bawah pemerintahan Marcos tidak begitu stabil. Di bawah regim tersebut banyak tunjuk perasaan dan rusuhan telah diadakan. Dikatakan bahawa peristiwa ini merupakan gerakan kesedaran sosio-politik. Peristiwa ini berlaku kerana pembangunan yang dilaksanakan oleh pihak kerajaan telah mengabaikan masyarakat massa Filipina secara keseluruhannya. Ianya diburukkan lagi dengan kerajaan yang rasuah dan juga pihak Amerika yang masih lagi mempengaruhi pentadbiran dan perekonomian Filipina. Keadaan ini telah melahirkan beberapa 'isme' yang mencengkam rakyat Filipina iaitu fasisme, kapitalisme birokrat dan neo-kolonialisme. Ini mengakibatkan rakyat bangun menentang kerajaan khususnya Marcos. Untuk mengatasi penentangan rakyat, pihak kerajaan telah menggunakan kekuatan tentera dan polis.

Keywords : FILIPINA, REJIM MARCOS, SOSIO-POLITIK, FASISME, KAPITALISME BIROKRAT, NEO-KOLONIALISME
References :
I. Teodoro A. Agoncillo, Filipino Nationalism 1872-1970, Quezon City, R.P. Garcia Publishing Company, 1974, hal. 2. 2. Ibid., hal. 3. 3. Alice Guillermo, Social Realism In the Philippines, Manila, Ashpodel Publishing, 1987, hal. 7. 4. Rodolfo Tupas, 'Causes and Reflects of Poverty', Sunday 7imes Magazine, Manila, The Manila Times Publishing Co. Inc., April 1970, hal. 10. 5. Frank Golay, 'Economic Nationalism: The Drive To Filipinize', Solidarity, Manila, Solidaridad Publishing House, Vol. VD, No. 2, Sept. 1972, hal. 2. 6. Lorenzo M Tanada, 'Nationalism and the development of our National Economy', The Philippine Collegian, Manila, University of the Philippines, Volume XXI, No. 19, October 26, 1966, hal. 7. 7. David Wurfel, Filipino Politics: Development and Decay, Quezon City. Ateneo de Manila University Press, 1988, hal. I 07. 8. Rodolfo Y.Rogodon, 'Student Organizations and Their Affiliates', Sunday 7imes Magazine, Manila, The Manila Times Publishing Co. Inc, February 1970, hal. 33. 9. Jose Lacaba, Days of Disquiet, Night of Rage: The First Quarter Storm and Related Events, Manila, Salinlahi Publishing House, 1982, hal. 30. 10. Ibid., hal. 36. 11. Rogodon, 'Student Organizations And Their Affiliates', hal. 23. 12. Robert B. Roldan, 'Resume On the Young Rebels', Sunday 7imes Magazine, Manila, The Manila Times Publishing Co. Inc, March 16, 1969, hal. 30. 13. Alfredo Jr. Salanga, 'Paris In Manila: Impressions and Reflectios On the January Student Rebellion', Action Now, Manila, Social Communication Center Inc., Vol.l, No.l6, Februari 22, 1969, hal. 32. 14. Alfredo Salanga Jr. 'The State of A Nation In Crisis', Action Now, Social Communication Center Inc., Manila, Voi.I, No.l3, Februari I, 1969, hal. 18. 15. M. Q. Sison, 'The Rise of Student Power', Weekly Nation, Manila, Makabayan Publishing Corp. Manila, Vol.l, No.l3, Februari 10, 1969, hal. 3. 16. Conrado F. Estrella, 'The Filipino Answer To Revolution', Solidarity, Manila, Solidaridad Pulishing House, Vol.IV, No.4, April 1969, hal. 71. 17. E.P. Patanne, 'The March of the Peasants', Weeldy Nation, Manila, Makabayan Publishing Corp., Vol.IV, No.38, May 12, 1969, hal.2. 18. The Philippine Collegian, University of the Philippine, Quezon City, January 15, 1970, hal. 8. 19. Lacaba, op.cit., hal.70. 20. Ibid, hal. 84. 21. Recah Trinidad, 'The Long March', Sunday 1i: s Magazinenila, The Manila Times Publishing Co. Inc, March 22, 19-/v, 22. Tupas, Rodolfo, 'Causes and Reflecis "' Times Publishing Co. Inc., April5, 1970, hal.l Sun.dcry 1imes Magazine, Manila, The Manila 23. Recah, Trinidad, 'The Case Against Poverty', Sunday 1imes Magazine, Manila, The Manila Times Publishing Co. Inc., April 5, 1970, hal.22. 24. Jose, Lacaba, op.cit, hal.l65. 25. Millet G., Martinez, 'Plaza Miranda 1971', Sunday 1imes Magazine, Manila, The Manila Times Publishing Co. Inc., Vol.XXI, No.36, June 20, 1971, hal.42. 26. Oligario Vicente, 'State of the Nation '72 and Another Drama Begins', Action Now. Manila, Social Communication Center Inc., Vol.IV, No.ll, Februari 26, 1972, hal. 13. 27. Lacaba, 'Days of Disquiet', hal.l77.
Date created : 14/6/2012 11:03:23


 
 
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